October is the month when you have to think intensively about preparations for autumn and winter in the garden. One of the important issues is the purchase of the necessary things that will support us while working in the garden. The first stage of autumn means early autumn works, which include mowing, fruit picking, fertilization and the beginning of cleaning works. You have to collect fallen leaves, clean all surfaces or use a special vacuum cleaner. The second stage is more cleaning work. There may also be a need for periodic snow removal or de-icing. Therefore, in the fall it is worth preparing properly and, above all, buying equipment that we will use during the work. You can even create a list of essentials.
Rakes for leaves
This is called basic necessity. A good rake is characterized by a wide strip and dense claws that will work well in the case of large surfaces.
Leaf and grass scraper
It will greatly facilitate cleaning work in the garden at any time of the year. The tool will allow you to collect not only leaves, but also cut grass, fallen fruit or hay. The long handle is convenient for collecting waste without bending down. The scraper will also protect your hands from getting dirty or injured.
We will use it to compost biodegradable waste. The obtained compost can be used primarily in our garden. We can put mowed grass, leaves, kitchen waste, parts of plants into the container, so the solution is very useful and practical.
In autumn and winter, we do not want to expose our furniture to damage. It is worth protecting garden furniture against the influence of negative weather conditions. Good quality covers have strings that can be squeezed, which will protect the cover from the wind.
The ladder will certainly be useful in every home throughout the year. With its help, we can easily select leaves from the gutters or cut trees.
The device can be in a manual or a backpack version. The strong airflow easily blows the leaves into one place, which will be easier during cleaning works. Some blowers also have a leaf suction function for the included bag.
Plant trimming tools
For small gardens, hand tools will certainly be useful. Useful tools include secateurs, shears, saws, leaf shredders. The devices should be adapted to your needs and the size of the garden and plants.
Plant care products
In the fall, plants need special care. The appearance of the garden is often evidenced by the lawn, which should be fertilized in the fall with a special fertilizer.
When caring for autumn plants, various types of planting spatula and claws will be useful first of all. Their size and type should be adjusted to the type of plants.
Small and plastic wheelbarrows are sufficient for small gardens. Metal or stone wheelbarrows are suitable for transporting heavy items. The devices listed in the article will greatly facilitate work in the garden and make it comfortable.
Take care of your garden in autumn
Autumn on the plot is a period of intensive preparations for winter. So equip yourself with the necessary tools and invest your time and energy in gardening.
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The rich group of plants allows us to adjust them to many habitat conditions. We can successfully plant plants in the garden that will be very resistant to the lack of water, so they will not cause problems in hot summers. Many wild plants, whose natural growth conditions are dunes or sand, grow well without water, produce colorful inflorescences or have attractive leaves. Some of the plants have reduced their leaves in such a way as to reduce evaporation. There are also cases when plants are able to change the angle of the leaf to the sun’s rays and thus regulate water loss.
Below is a set of iron plants that can cope with harsh conditions.
Trees and shrubs resistant to drought
Trees resistant to drought are mainly numerous species of birch or pine – useful or weeping birch, as well as black pine, mountain pine will look beautiful regardless of the weather. The trees also have a shading function – other, smaller plants have a favorable shade within them, which also protects them against drought and heat.
pines, for example mountain pine, black pine
all birches, such as “Doorenbos”, “Tristis”
ores, e.g. Californian fir, Korean fir
black locusts – which in spring are covered with numerous white, fragrant flowers. Acacia ropes come in many varieties, the Robinia “Umbrella”, popular for small gardens, has a compact spherical crown that does not require shaping
maples that will be an attractive accent in summer and autumn – changing colors will create real masterpieces.
lilac meringues – covered with numerous fragrant flowers in spring, it will become a pleasant accent, while in summer this large shrub will be a source of shade
wrinkled rose – resistant to drought and diseases, it will blend in nicely in the garden, and its fragrant flowers and red, autumn fruits will become a real decoration
Perennials for a sun-drenched and dry garden
Sedum plants – these are plants with fleshy leaves that may vary in color within the species. In late summer, sedum plants begin to bloom profusely, the flowers are in the form of canopies, pink, red and yellow in color. Sedum plants remain decorative also in autumn and winter – when dried inflorescences become garden decorations. Low maintenance requirements and easy cultivation are the reasons for the success and popularity of this group.
Swarms – these are succulents that grow perfectly not only on dry but also poor soils, thanks to which they help fill the niches in the garden. Swarms are small plants, most often forming decorative rosettes. Swarms have many colors of leaves and flowers become their decoration.
Antennaria dioica – is a low plant, ideally growing in permeable soils and in a sunny position. It will also cope with poor quality or dry soils. The ornaments of the meanders are small leaves that are covered with tarnish, and flowers – pink or white, appear in May.
Bearded irises – a variety of classic irises (irises), which do not like moist soils, they cope well in drought conditions, thanks to the bulbous rhizome, which are the roots and organ used for vegetative reproduction. Irises are rich in colors, fragrances and textures – the flowers are violet, yellow and red. They blend in beautifully in sunny and semi-shaded positions.
Carnations – bearded and garden carnations, are very attractive because of their flowers, they are red, white, pink – they can be single or multi-colored. The advantage is resistance to drought and sun.
Lavender – who among us does not know this charming plant? Violet-blue flowers with an intense, pleasant fragrance. Lavender requires calcareous soils, but it does well in blankets or in dry weather. Its dry flowers can be used as a wardrobe fragrance, or as an ingredient in cookies or lemonade.
Sage – very attractive plants, with purple flowers and slightly silver leaves. Salvia grows quickly and the numerous seeds give us many seedlings in the garden.
Woolly purgatory – decorated with leaves covered with white bloom. The silvery shade makes it a unique showcase.
Carolingian yucca – has the form of compact, sharp, leathery leaves decorated with white flowers placed on an upright stem.
Mullein – forms a dense clump of large leaves, which in the second year after planting, are decorated with yellow, tiny flowers placed on an erect stem.
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Sometimes the drought takes its toll on all of us. In many parts of the country there is a shortage of rain, all crops are disappearing and yields are twice as low as in previous years. The effects of drought are visible not only in agricultural crops, but also in our home gardens. Plants dry before the eyes, lose their color, fade faster, or their leaves begin to discolor, as if it was autumn. Each copy, unfortunately, experiences the negative effects of drought. Therefore, in this article, I want to advise you on how to prepare your garden for drought, and how to deal with it now.
How to water plants?
In order not to harm the plants when we plan to water them, we must follow a few rules. We only water when it is really necessary. This watering should be plentiful, but not very frequent. We water it once and well. So, for example, once a week, but very abundantly. This is due to the fact that plants can get used to regular access to water – when we water them too often, every day, and once we don’t, they will feel it immediately. When the frequency is reduced, they will become more resistant to long-term drought. Additionally, the root system at the time of regular watering will not be too deep, because when it does not have to develop while looking for water, it will stop growing.
Another rule of thumb is to water at the right time of the day. First of all, the time of watering should be carefully selected – it must be either early morning or late evening, when the air temperature has already dropped. Watering with cool water in the heat can harm the plant, so we should wait until the evening. Water used for watering should be left standing – rainwater or well water works well here. However, we must first lower it into buckets or watering cans so that the temperature is not too low and not to cause a thermal shock.
When watering plants, remember not to pour water over the leaves – it can cause burns or disease. We pour the water as close to the ground as possible. If we water with water from a garden hose, try not to direct the water stream directly at the root ball, because the strong water pressure rinses the substrate from the root ball and damages the root hairs. Then we water it with mild pressure, or direct the stream of water further.
When watering plants, you should always exercise moderation – use this treatment at times of utmost necessity, only when we notice the negative effects of water deficiency. To facilitate watering, we can install several systems in the garden that will store water and help distribute it.
Garden irrigation system
The irrigation system in your garden is a great convenience, but we must be aware that the need to water the garden in times of drought is high, so costs can be high. For the purposes of the irrigation system, it may be necessary to make an additional water intake – in the form of a water intake or digging a deep well.
The irrigation system can be divided into two main types – depending on what plants we need to water. The first is a sprinkler system, which we install most often where the lawn grows. The system is dug to a depth of about 11 inches, and then sprinklers extend out of the basin in point, which will either rotate or be fixed. The sprinklers emerge from a patch of grass and sprinkle a specific surface.
A drip line will work better in flower beds with trees, shrubs or perennials. It is a garden hose, holes through which water condenses within the roots and plants. The drip system usually does not require installation into the ground. It can be laid on the litter and masked with it. To stabilize it, we use metal clamps. In order to clarify the supply of water to the roots, we can use drippers – these are plastic pins, fixed deep into the ground, through which water condenses.
The irrigation system will certainly facilitate garden care, especially in summer. It is worth thinking about it when setting up a garden, but it is not a necessity, because the installation of the irrigation system can be done by yourself, it is not very invasive or difficult. The irrigation system can be autonomous and completely free of our intervention. By equipping it with a controller, we will be able to program the exact time of its activation. It is also possible to purchase an irrigation system which, by analyzing weather conditions – temperature, rainfall, air and soil humidity, will turn itself on if necessary. Thanks to this, having an irrigation system, we can leave without fear or simply forget about watering the garden.
How does litter help in times of drought?
Mulching in the garden is a very positive and friendly procedure that fulfills several functions. Mulching is the lining of the bed with stone or plant material, under which there is often an agrotextile.
At this point, it is worth considering whether the agrotextile is necessary, useful, does it fulfill its functions and what are they? Opinions vary. The non-woven fabric is designed to stop the growth of weeds, we arrange it, spreading bark on top of it. The bark begins to decompose after a year, creating perfect caries. Unfortunately, it cannot get into the soil through the fabric, it is on top of it. The wind brings soil and weed seeds here, which have excellent conditions for development on the fertile humus. It is more difficult to remove them, because the flexible, young root easily grows over the agrotextile, so we only get rid of the above-ground part. It stays roots and grows back. Over and over again.
It is also worth knowing that this material often hinders the growth of flowers and perennial plants. Runners, seeds and shoots have no place to grow. Therefore, in places where we plant perennial beds or cover plants, it can cause damage. In the case of trees and shrubs, this is not such a negative impact, and when we cover the agrotextile with gravel, we can obtain the desired effect, but it is worth considering the use of non-woven material. A thick layer of gravel laid without material lining will also hinder the growth of weeds, and will not cut off the soil from us – any care treatments, weed removal or freedom in space arrangement will remain. Stones laid in a thick layer will also not be contaminated or fall into the soil.
Coming back to the topic of bedding – why does it help us in hot weather? First of all, litter retains moisture – it prevents evaporation, it is also a barrier to the scorching sun. Soil temperature is slightly lower, so water does not heat up so quickly and evaporates. In addition, bark or other plant materials – such as grass, wood clippings, shavings, cones also store water, which they can give back during drought. So it is worth mulching beds, stones or gravel, or even cut grass protects the soil surface from sun.
Other amenities during hot weather
Plants planted in spring are particularly sensitive to heat, their root system is not yet well developed, trees and shrubs need time to adapt. Therefore, in times of drought, we can observe the suction of freshly planted plants, the loss of leaves, flowers and shoots. How to deal with it?
First, we can make shading screens – a great way for plants growing in the sun. It is enough to create something in the form of a screen on a wooden frame and place it in such a way that it creates a shadow. It can be an agrotextile, a bamboo mat, stretched on two wooden pegs, or even a garden umbrella. Plants, especially those sensitive to heat, will appreciate this piece of shade and will certainly endure scorching sun better.
To facilitate the storage of water in the soil, use a hydrogel when planting the plant. A hydrogel is an artificial substance, most often in the form of a powder or granules for the preparation of a suspension. The hydrogel is mixed with the substrate while planting the plant. This substance, in contact with water, increases its volume many times, they store the water which it releases during drought. It is estimated that the hydrogel can store up to 80% of rainwater. He is able to keep it at a level that is available to plants. A hydrogel can also retain many elements – such as, for example, magnesium. We can successfully use it on light and permeable soils, it is not recommended for clay and heavy soils. A hydrogel substrate can be used in pots, and even when sowing the lawn. Hydrogel is also often sold with fertilizers or other mixtures of substrates, which additionally positively affect the development and growth of plants.
For plants planted in balcony boxes, there are also hydro boxes, special pockets filled with gel. Before placing them in the pot, they must be well watered, preferably immersed in water and then placed on the bottom of the pot. By increasing and reducing its volume, the hydrogel contributes to the improvement of the soil structure, loosens it and improves the lumpy properties.
Plants in flower pots or balcony boxes belong to the particularly sensitive group. The limited area and boundaries that inhibit root growth make plants rely on us and our care. Therefore, constant access to water is particularly important here. An excellent idea for the care of plants in pots is to plant them in pots with an irrigation system. The irrigation system is a great idea for hot days, but it will also be helpful for forgetful people or people who travel frequently. The irrigation system in the pots ensures that the plants have constant access to water in the bottom of the pot. Such a pot consists of two elements – a casing and an insert, between which there is a space. This space is where water is collected and the plant has access to it. The water in the tank lasts for a long time – often much longer than in a traditional pot. Depending on the species, watering can be reduced to even one every few weeks. Constant access to water causes healthy development of plants, their rapid growth, and makes it easier for us to care for, which is especially important when it is hot, and we have more plants, and we do not want to spend half a day running with a watering can from one pot to another.
To support our plants in times of drought, we can apply potassium fertilizer. Potassium promotes root development, which contributes to more efficient water uptake from the soil. Therefore, it is important to supply plants with fertilizers containing this element. Additionally, a well-developed root system will support wintering of plants and protect them against freezing in the root zone.
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