Useful tools in your garden in autumn

October is the month when you have to think intensively about preparations for autumn and winter in the garden. One of the important issues is the purchase of the necessary things that will support us while working in the garden. The first stage of autumn means early autumn works, which include mowing, fruit picking, fertilization and the beginning of cleaning works. You have to collect fallen leaves, clean all surfaces or use a special vacuum cleaner. The second stage is more cleaning work. There may also be a need for periodic snow removal or de-icing. Therefore, in the fall it is worth preparing properly and, above all, buying equipment that we will use during the work. You can even create a list of essentials.

Rakes for leaves

This is called basic necessity. A good rake is characterized by a wide strip and dense claws that will work well in the case of large surfaces.

Leaf and grass scraper

It will greatly facilitate cleaning work in the garden at any time of the year. The tool will allow you to collect not only leaves, but also cut grass, fallen fruit or hay. The long handle is convenient for collecting waste without bending down. The scraper will also protect your hands from getting dirty or injured.

Compositioner

We will use it to compost biodegradable waste. The obtained compost can be used primarily in our garden. We can put mowed grass, leaves, kitchen waste, parts of plants into the container, so the solution is very useful and practical.

Furniture covers

In autumn and winter, we do not want to expose our furniture to damage. It is worth protecting garden furniture against the influence of negative weather conditions. Good quality covers have strings that can be squeezed, which will protect the cover from the wind.

Ladder

The ladder will certainly be useful in every home throughout the year. With its help, we can easily select leaves from the gutters or cut trees.

Leaf blower

The device can be in a manual or a backpack version. The strong airflow easily blows the leaves into one place, which will be easier during cleaning works. Some blowers also have a leaf suction function for the included bag.

Plant trimming tools

For small gardens, hand tools will certainly be useful. Useful tools include secateurs, shears, saws, leaf shredders. The devices should be adapted to your needs and the size of the garden and plants.

Plant care products

In the fall, plants need special care. The appearance of the garden is often evidenced by the lawn, which should be fertilized in the fall with a special fertilizer.

Digging tools

When caring for autumn plants, various types of planting spatula and claws will be useful first of all. Their size and type should be adjusted to the type of plants.

Wheelbarrow

Small and plastic wheelbarrows are sufficient for small gardens. Metal or stone wheelbarrows are suitable for transporting heavy items. The devices listed in the article will greatly facilitate work in the garden and make it comfortable.

Take care of your garden in autumn

Autumn on the plot is a period of intensive preparations for winter. So equip yourself with the necessary tools and invest your time and energy in gardening.

Garden plants that cannot be dried

The rich group of plants allows us to adjust them to many habitat conditions. We can successfully plant plants in the garden that will be very resistant to the lack of water, so they will not cause problems in hot summers. Many wild plants, whose natural growth conditions are dunes or sand, grow well without water, produce colorful inflorescences or have attractive leaves. Some of the plants have reduced their leaves in such a way as to reduce evaporation. There are also cases when plants are able to change the angle of the leaf to the sun’s rays and thus regulate water loss.

Below is a set of iron plants that can cope with harsh conditions.

Trees and shrubs resistant to drought

Trees resistant to drought are mainly numerous species of birch or pine – useful or weeping birch, as well as black pine, mountain pine will look beautiful regardless of the weather. The trees also have a shading function – other, smaller plants have a favorable shade within them, which also protects them against drought and heat.

  • pines, for example mountain pine, black pine
  • all birches, such as “Doorenbos”, “Tristis”
  • junipers
  • ores, e.g. Californian fir, Korean fir
  • black locusts – which in spring are covered with numerous white, fragrant flowers. Acacia ropes come in many varieties, the Robinia “Umbrella”, popular for small gardens, has a compact spherical crown that does not require shaping
  • maples that will be an attractive accent in summer and autumn – changing colors will create real masterpieces.
  • lilac meringues – covered with numerous fragrant flowers in spring, it will become a pleasant accent, while in summer this large shrub will be a source of shade
  • wrinkled rose – resistant to drought and diseases, it will blend in nicely in the garden, and its fragrant flowers and red, autumn fruits will become a real decoration

Perennials for a sun-drenched and dry garden

  • Sedum plants – these are plants with fleshy leaves that may vary in color within the species. In late summer, sedum plants begin to bloom profusely, the flowers are in the form of canopies, pink, red and yellow in color. Sedum plants remain decorative also in autumn and winter – when dried inflorescences become garden decorations. Low maintenance requirements and easy cultivation are the reasons for the success and popularity of this group.
  • Swarms – these are succulents that grow perfectly not only on dry but also poor soils, thanks to which they help fill the niches in the garden. Swarms are small plants, most often forming decorative rosettes. Swarms have many colors of leaves and flowers become their decoration.
  • Antennaria dioica – is a low plant, ideally growing in permeable soils and in a sunny position. It will also cope with poor quality or dry soils. The ornaments of the meanders are small leaves that are covered with tarnish, and flowers – pink or white, appear in May.
  • Bearded irises – a variety of classic irises (irises), which do not like moist soils, they cope well in drought conditions, thanks to the bulbous rhizome, which are the roots and organ used for vegetative reproduction. Irises are rich in colors, fragrances and textures – the flowers are violet, yellow and red. They blend in beautifully in sunny and semi-shaded positions.
  • Carnations – bearded and garden carnations, are very attractive because of their flowers, they are red, white, pink – they can be single or multi-colored. The advantage is resistance to drought and sun.
  • Lavender – who among us does not know this charming plant? Violet-blue flowers with an intense, pleasant fragrance. Lavender requires calcareous soils, but it does well in blankets or in dry weather. Its dry flowers can be used as a wardrobe fragrance, or as an ingredient in cookies or lemonade.
  • Sage – very attractive plants, with purple flowers and slightly silver leaves. Salvia grows quickly and the numerous seeds give us many seedlings in the garden.
  • Woolly purgatory – decorated with leaves covered with white bloom. The silvery shade makes it a unique showcase.
  • Carolingian yucca – has the form of compact, sharp, leathery leaves decorated with white flowers placed on an upright stem.
  • Mullein – forms a dense clump of large leaves, which in the second year after planting, are decorated with yellow, tiny flowers placed on an erect stem.

How to help your garden survive a drought

Sometimes the drought takes its toll on all of us. In many parts of the country there is a shortage of rain, all crops are disappearing and yields are twice as low as in previous years. The effects of drought are visible not only in agricultural crops, but also in our home gardens. Plants dry before the eyes, lose their color, fade faster, or their leaves begin to discolor, as if it was autumn. Each copy, unfortunately, experiences the negative effects of drought. Therefore, in this article, I want to advise you on how to prepare your garden for drought, and how to deal with it now.

How to water plants?

In order not to harm the plants when we plan to water them, we must follow a few rules. We only water when it is really necessary. This watering should be plentiful, but not very frequent. We water it once and well. So, for example, once a week, but very abundantly. This is due to the fact that plants can get used to regular access to water – when we water them too often, every day, and once we don’t, they will feel it immediately. When the frequency is reduced, they will become more resistant to long-term drought. Additionally, the root system at the time of regular watering will not be too deep, because when it does not have to develop while looking for water, it will stop growing.

Another rule of thumb is to water at the right time of the day. First of all, the time of watering should be carefully selected – it must be either early morning or late evening, when the air temperature has already dropped. Watering with cool water in the heat can harm the plant, so we should wait until the evening. Water used for watering should be left standing – rainwater or well water works well here. However, we must first lower it into buckets or watering cans so that the temperature is not too low and not to cause a thermal shock.

When watering plants, remember not to pour water over the leaves – it can cause burns or disease. We pour the water as close to the ground as possible. If we water with water from a garden hose, try not to direct the water stream directly at the root ball, because the strong water pressure rinses the substrate from the root ball and damages the root hairs. Then we water it with mild pressure, or direct the stream of water further.

When watering plants, you should always exercise moderation – use this treatment at times of utmost necessity, only when we notice the negative effects of water deficiency. To facilitate watering, we can install several systems in the garden that will store water and help distribute it.

Garden irrigation system

The irrigation system in your garden is a great convenience, but we must be aware that the need to water the garden in times of drought is high, so costs can be high. For the purposes of the irrigation system, it may be necessary to make an additional water intake – in the form of a water intake or digging a deep well.

The irrigation system can be divided into two main types – depending on what plants we need to water. The first is a sprinkler system, which we install most often where the lawn grows. The system is dug to a depth of about 11 inches, and then sprinklers extend out of the basin in point, which will either rotate or be fixed. The sprinklers emerge from a patch of grass and sprinkle a specific surface.

A drip line will work better in flower beds with trees, shrubs or perennials. It is a garden hose, holes through which water condenses within the roots and plants. The drip system usually does not require installation into the ground. It can be laid on the litter and masked with it. To stabilize it, we use metal clamps. In order to clarify the supply of water to the roots, we can use drippers – these are plastic pins, fixed deep into the ground, through which water condenses.

The irrigation system will certainly facilitate garden care, especially in summer. It is worth thinking about it when setting up a garden, but it is not a necessity, because the installation of the irrigation system can be done by yourself, it is not very invasive or difficult. The irrigation system can be autonomous and completely free of our intervention. By equipping it with a controller, we will be able to program the exact time of its activation. It is also possible to purchase an irrigation system which, by analyzing weather conditions – temperature, rainfall, air and soil humidity, will turn itself on if necessary. Thanks to this, having an irrigation system, we can leave without fear or simply forget about watering the garden.

How does litter help in times of drought?

Mulching in the garden is a very positive and friendly procedure that fulfills several functions. Mulching is the lining of the bed with stone or plant material, under which there is often an agrotextile.

At this point, it is worth considering whether the agrotextile is necessary, useful, does it fulfill its functions and what are they? Opinions vary. The non-woven fabric is designed to stop the growth of weeds, we arrange it, spreading bark on top of it. The bark begins to decompose after a year, creating perfect caries. Unfortunately, it cannot get into the soil through the fabric, it is on top of it. The wind brings soil and weed seeds here, which have excellent conditions for development on the fertile humus. It is more difficult to remove them, because the flexible, young root easily grows over the agrotextile, so we only get rid of the above-ground part. It stays roots and grows back. Over and over again.

It is also worth knowing that this material often hinders the growth of flowers and perennial plants. Runners, seeds and shoots have no place to grow. Therefore, in places where we plant perennial beds or cover plants, it can cause damage. In the case of trees and shrubs, this is not such a negative impact, and when we cover the agrotextile with gravel, we can obtain the desired effect, but it is worth considering the use of non-woven material. A thick layer of gravel laid without material lining will also hinder the growth of weeds, and will not cut off the soil from us – any care treatments, weed removal or freedom in space arrangement will remain. Stones laid in a thick layer will also not be contaminated or fall into the soil.

Coming back to the topic of bedding – why does it help us in hot weather? First of all, litter retains moisture – it prevents evaporation, it is also a barrier to the scorching sun. Soil temperature is slightly lower, so water does not heat up so quickly and evaporates. In addition, bark or other plant materials – such as grass, wood clippings, shavings, cones also store water, which they can give back during drought. So it is worth mulching beds, stones or gravel, or even cut grass protects the soil surface from sun.

Other amenities during hot weather

Plants planted in spring are particularly sensitive to heat, their root system is not yet well developed, trees and shrubs need time to adapt. Therefore, in times of drought, we can observe the suction of freshly planted plants, the loss of leaves, flowers and shoots. How to deal with it?

First, we can make shading screens – a great way for plants growing in the sun. It is enough to create something in the form of a screen on a wooden frame and place it in such a way that it creates a shadow. It can be an agrotextile, a bamboo mat, stretched on two wooden pegs, or even a garden umbrella. Plants, especially those sensitive to heat, will appreciate this piece of shade and will certainly endure scorching sun better.

To facilitate the storage of water in the soil, use a hydrogel when planting the plant. A hydrogel is an artificial substance, most often in the form of a powder or granules for the preparation of a suspension. The hydrogel is mixed with the substrate while planting the plant. This substance, in contact with water, increases its volume many times, they store the water which it releases during drought. It is estimated that the hydrogel can store up to 80% of rainwater. He is able to keep it at a level that is available to plants. A hydrogel can also retain many elements – such as, for example, magnesium. We can successfully use it on light and permeable soils, it is not recommended for clay and heavy soils. A hydrogel substrate can be used in pots, and even when sowing the lawn. Hydrogel is also often sold with fertilizers or other mixtures of substrates, which additionally positively affect the development and growth of plants.

For plants planted in balcony boxes, there are also hydro boxes, special pockets filled with gel. Before placing them in the pot, they must be well watered, preferably immersed in water and then placed on the bottom of the pot. By increasing and reducing its volume, the hydrogel contributes to the improvement of the soil structure, loosens it and improves the lumpy properties.

Plants in flower pots or balcony boxes belong to the particularly sensitive group. The limited area and boundaries that inhibit root growth make plants rely on us and our care. Therefore, constant access to water is particularly important here. An excellent idea for the care of plants in pots is to plant them in pots with an irrigation system. The irrigation system is a great idea for hot days, but it will also be helpful for forgetful people or people who travel frequently. The irrigation system in the pots ensures that the plants have constant access to water in the bottom of the pot. Such a pot consists of two elements – a casing and an insert, between which there is a space. This space is where water is collected and the plant has access to it. The water in the tank lasts for a long time – often much longer than in a traditional pot. Depending on the species, watering can be reduced to even one every few weeks. Constant access to water causes healthy development of plants, their rapid growth, and makes it easier for us to care for, which is especially important when it is hot, and we have more plants, and we do not want to spend half a day running with a watering can from one pot to another.

To support our plants in times of drought, we can apply potassium fertilizer. Potassium promotes root development, which contributes to more efficient water uptake from the soil. Therefore, it is important to supply plants with fertilizers containing this element. Additionally, a well-developed root system will support wintering of plants and protect them against freezing in the root zone.

How to design your dream garden – step by step

Each of us needs an oasis – a place of rest and relaxation. It is best if it is in harmony with nature, so that the proximity of nature brings relief from concrete walls and street noise. Do we have to travel to the end of the world to find such a paradise? No, it’s enough to arrange it ourselves. What are we talking about? Of course, about the garden.

A garden, i.e. green lungs for household members, where you can relax, and also a meeting place. The garden can perform many different functions, which is why it is so important that the garden design takes into account its various faces.

Do it yourself or with a professional?

Designing this charming, green corner is not easy, because you have to take into account many different issues, such as: sun exposure, soil type, soil moisture.

It all matters in the context of the appropriate selection of plants that are to satisfy our aesthetic taste. For this to happen, the species and varieties that make a good neighborhood must be juxtaposed. Garden designs are created with the idea that the garden will serve in perfect condition for years and at the same time do not require too much work every day. There is no place for chance and chaos here. An appropriate garden design must also take into account all the needs of the household members and their financial capabilities.

You can use the help of professional designers, which saves a lot of time and nerves, but you have to take into account the additional expense. The price of a garden design depends on the size of the garden and its location.

If we want to start working in the garden quickly, the best idea will be to use the help of professionals. Likewise, when we do not feel very strong enough to cope with such a task. Design errors can turn out to be quite costly.

Step 1 – recognizing your needs and dividing the garden space into zones

All household members should be involved in this stage. The point is for everyone to express their expectations regarding the appearance of the garden and its functions. After all, this area can have a variety of purposes, and in the event of conflicting opinions, you have to somehow find a golden mean. Most often, gardens are divided into zones such as:

  • relaxation area
  • activity and fun zone
  • representative zone
  • economic and utility zone

Many people primarily appreciate the leisure function of the garden. For them, it will be a place of relaxation, a kind of escape from the noise and hustle and bustle of the city and life in a hurry. Such a green oasis is supposed to calm down, allow full contact with nature and at the same time protect against prying eyes of neighbors and passers-by.

A family with children must take into account the needs of their loved ones and think about creating a place for physical activity for them. The little ones will be pleased with the playground.

Some people above all want to emphasize the representative function of the garden. For them, this place must express prestige.

Step 2 – choosing the right plants

It must be remembered that it is not always possible to implement all plans in this aspect. Plants have specific requirements for soil or sunlight, and not necessarily all of them we like them they will prove themselves in our garden. It is a bit of an art of compromise, but what matters is the end result and the appearance of the garden not only in a year, but also in twenty years.

Step 3 – small architecture

Elements of small architecture should be neatly integrated into the garden space. On the one hand, they will be eye-catching, and on the other hand, they have practical functions. The garden gazebo will not only provide shade, but also create a charming and pleasant place to relax or organize a party.

A body of water will also be fantastic to harmonize with the vegetation. Many people decide to have a pond in the garden, preferably in irregular shapes. Even in a small garden, there is sure to be a place for a small but beautiful fountain, and it is worth placing a bench next to it, or possibly a decorative statue.

A brick grill with a smokehouse will also work in large gardens, where you can prepare delicacies for evening feasts. Wooden pergolas, trellises and trusses overgrown with vegetation look interesting.

Therefore, let’s not be afraid to use the help of a professional in designing a garden space according to our preferences and style. It is a place of our relaxation and rest, so we should feel really comfortable in it.

Annual plants blooming in July

Meet the most popular flowers of sunny summer and fall in love with the holiday garden. July is the first month of vacation. This month, we rarely plant new flowers in the garden. In July, many annual and biennial plants, bulbous and bulbous plants, perennials, shrubs, creepers and trees bloom. This is a great time to admire their flowers. Below is a list of the most popular flowering plants in July.

Annual plants blooming in July

  • Begonia flowering (Begonia semperflorens)
  • Black damson (Nigella damascena)
  • California Eszolcja (Eschcholtzia californica)
  • Cape Lobelia (Lobelia erinus)
  • Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis)
  • Chaffwort (Limonium sinuatum)
  • Charming Nemesis (Nemesia strumosa)
  • Chinese aster (Callistephus chinensis)
  • Chinese carnation (Dianthus chinensis)
  • Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus)
  • Crested Celosia (Celosia argentea cristata)
  • Crested Tit (Brachycome iberdifolia)
  • Double feathery cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)
  • Dwarf Flame (Phlox drummondii)
  • Elegant Zinnia (Zinnia elegans)
  • Feathered Celosia (Celosia argentea plumosa)
  • Fragrant peas (Lathyrus odoratus)
  • Freak jalapa (Mirabilis jalapa)
  • Garden verbena (Verbena x hybrida)
  • Heliotrope (Heliotropium)
  • Impatiens balsamina (Impatiens balsamina)
  • Impatiens walleriana (Impetiens walleriana)
  • Kleome thorny (Cleome spinosa)
  • Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
  • Mexican Marinade (Ageratum houstonianum)
  • Nasturtium (Trapaeoulum cultorum)
  • New Guinea Impatiens (Impatiens New Guinea)
  • Orange dimorphote (Dimorphoteca aurantiaca)
  • Osteospermum (Osteospermum)
  • Pendent Scarlet (Amaranthus caudatus)
  • Poppy seed (Papavear somniferum)
  • Portulaca grandiflora (Portulaca grandiflora)
  • Purple Wolf (Ipomea purpurea)
  • Sea-lionfish (Lobularia maritima)
  • Shining Sage (Salvia splendens)
  • Shiny Gazania (Gazania splendens)
  • Sinus dimorphote (Dimorphotheca aurantiaca)
  • Snapdragon, snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus)
  • Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)
  • Tagetes erecta (Tagetes erecta)
  • Tagetes patella (Tagetes patula)
  • Tagetes tenuifolia
  • Winged tobacco (Nicotiana alata)

Biennial plants blooming in July

  • Bearded Carnation (Dianthus barbatus)
  • Common Lakeland (Cheiranthus cheirii)
  • Mallow, Marshmallow (Althea rosea)
  • Mullein (Verbascum x hybridum)
  • Purple Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

How to cultivate garden before summer

The garden in the summer becomes our private oasis, a break from hot weather, so troublesome especially in cities. It is also a substitute for holidays for those who cannot go anywhere. We can also spend a nice vacation in our own garden. During the day, bask in the sun or read in the shade of trees surrounded by intoxicating scents of blooming shrubs and summer flowers, and spend the evening with friends at a dinner prepared in the summer kitchen. Unfortunately, the owner of the garden can not only laze in it. We present a list of garden works that we cannot forget despite summer laziness.

Work in the garden is determined by the rhythm of nature. You must watch her carefully and adapt to the conditions she dictates. Check what works should be done in the garden from June to July.

June – gardening

Ornamental trees and shrubs. Many shrubs can be propagated from cuttings (e.g. cinquefoils, spirea, honeysuckles and forsythia). The release of a large number of young growths significantly weakened the conifers, which is why they should be re-fed with compound fertilizer for this group of plants. This will prevent yellowing of needles and scales.

At the beginning of the month, it is worth feeding trees and shrubs with nitrogen fertilizer for the second time, because right now fruit buds for this year and flower buds for the next season are being formed. In the second half of the month, you can trim hedges. Cutting should shorten this year’s growth by about 2/3 of the length of the shoots.

Flowers in the garden. When the tulip leaves dry, we dig up the onions and dry for a few days in a shady but airy place. Then we clean and store them in a dry room until September. We sow biennial species: forget-me-nots, pansies, daisies, mallow and others that we want to have next year. We place the seeds in containers with soil, or we sow directly into the ground.

Lawn. The frequency of mowing should be adapted to the type of lawn, but it should be remembered that during periods of drought it is better to refrain from cutting the grass.

July – gardening

Decorative deciduous trees and shrubs. If we want to plant some new plants, we must choose those sold in containers, because only they will be well received at this time. However, let’s not let it grow in hot weather, because plants slow down life processes considerably, which is not conducive to creating new roots. We must watch the rose leaves very carefully, because in hot and dry weather they are attacked by various pests, and in rainy weather by fungal diseases. At the end of the month, we supply plants with compound fertilizer for the last time.

Conifers. If the plants turn yellow, you need to check that they have not been controlled by spider mites or fungal diseases. If they are healthy, there is a presumption that the medium is not acidic enough. Perennials. You can still divide and replant some of the perennials (those that do not bloom at the moment), but it is worth doing on cloudy days or cover transplanted plants with agrotextile or jute.

Fruit trees and shrubs. To make late apple varieties have nice large fruit, it is worth thinning their buds in the first days of July. Branches that have produced especially a lot of them must be supported so that they do not break under the weight.

Biennial and annual flowers. We regularly remove faded inflorescences and fertilize plants at least once a month with a multi-component mixture solution so that they bloom as abundantly and as long as possible.

Lawn. We mow the turf every week, and water it every day in case of drought.

Wooden terrace in your garden

Summer is fast approaching and now it’s worth thinking about how to prepare a garden for the holiday season. A swimming pool is certainly an ideal option that not everyone can afford. A self-built wooden terrace is a good alternative – you can create a recreational area with couches or an outside dining room with a table, chairs and an umbrella necessary in the strong sun.

The garden terrace is an extension of the house, space for relaxation and meetings. Its location is not easy – from the south the heat can be felt, from the north there will be too little sun, from the west – a gusty wind teases. But every terrace can be arranged so that it is a nice and quiet corner.

Above terrace on concrete slab or terrace on the ground

A terrace built on the ground can be built in several ways. It is quite popular to make a concrete slab and finish it with frost-resistant ceramic or stone tiles. However, if you want to avoid major construction work, you can instead build a wooden platform, lay clinker brick or stone slabs or cubes directly on the hardened, but also water-permeable foundation.

Above-ground concrete terrace is most often built for new homes. Its popularity is due to the fact that it can be finished in many ways, and a well-made concrete terrace is durable and does not require too much care and maintenance.

Another type of ground terrace is also interesting – terrace on the ground. It is built faster than a concrete terrace, there is almost no wet work. And if you use the right finishing material – stones, clinker pavement or concrete slabs – such a terraced terrace will last even several dozen years.

Above-ground terrace on a concrete slab – construction and finishing of the terrace surface

First you need to prepare the foundation. For this purpose, humus is removed from the surface intended for the terrace and a layer of gravel is 12 inch thick, preferably in two layers – each of them must be thoroughly compacted mechanically.

Sand or lean concrete bedding is made on the foundation. Very careful performance of these layers is important because they protect the terrace slab from cracking caused by uneven settlement or frosting in clayey soils. In addition, it will not be necessary to reinforce the terrace slab, which is made of concrete. It is usually 4 inches thick. It should be dilated, i.e. separated from the walls of the house with a gap filled with elastic material (for example, a strip of properly cut foam board).

The surface of the terrace must have a 2% slope from the wall of the house towards the outside so that it can easily drain water. It is obtained by making a fall layer not less than 2 inch thick on the terrace slab from a fast drying concrete mix. The surface level of the terrace should be chosen so that after laying the surface it is a few centimeters lower than the floor in the house. If this is not the case, it may turn out that water flows into the house during the rain.

 

Wooden fence – pros and cons

The traditional wooden fence works especially when we want to shield the property from eyes of neighbors or passers-by. However, wood provides the possibility of constructing not only very tight fences. At the same time it is a very decorative material, which thanks to its color and texture provides various visual effects.

Wooden fence fits stylistically to the garden in the country or Mediterranean style. It also works well in modern arrangements, because it can be shaped in various ways and combined with stone, metal and gabions. The wooden fence consists of rails or boards, of various shapes and types, which are attached to the crossbars vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Depending on how you want to cover the property, we can choose a full or openwork fence. The wooden fence can be made of boards mounted to posts embedded in the ground, vertically placed rails, narrow boards mounted on a wooden frame or ready-made elements.

Many advantages, several disadvantages

The biggest advantage of a wooden fence is its low cost, huge decorative value and versatility. We have an almost unlimited selection of shapes and colors of wood that allows you to build the most fanciful and original forms. The wood is easy to process, so you can make the entire fence yourself and make repairs yourself. Wood preservation is a fairly simple task. Well-protected and regularly preserved wood is relatively durable. In addition, wood can be renewed and changed its color many times.

The disadvantage of fences made of wood is their lower durability and the need for regular maintenance (minimum once every few years). Wood, especially poorly protected, is subject to biological corrosion under the influence of weather conditions. It falls prey to mushrooms and bark beetles, especially after long and wet winters. After a few years of use, it can crack or rot. But well maintained and cared for can last for several dozen years. The disadvantage of wood is also its flammability.

Types of wood

Wood for fence construction must be properly seasoned and protected against moisture, fungi and insects. It’s best if it is factory impregnated. Rails that are close to the soil are particularly vulnerable to moisture. Such fences must be built of the most durable wood. Less durable wood can be used for a fence supported by a foundation. Fence elements are most often built of deciduous or coniferous wood. Harder and more durable exotic wood (giant thuja, merbau, tatajuba or massaranduba) does not require impregnation and can be renewed less often.

However, it is chosen less often because of the high price. Of the national deciduous species, oak is the most durable, and of coniferous species larch. For rails and planks, less hardy but cheaper hardwood (acacia, elm or ash) or coniferous (pine or spruce) are most often chosen. Popular alder or ash wood is also less durable. Birch, linden or sycamore boards should not be used as they deteriorate quickly despite regular maintenance.

Spring garden – what you need to know?

For obvious reasons, spring is the busiest time in your garden. It is then that nature comes to life and prepares for the summer season. That is why it is particularly important to help plants during this period. The appearance of our plot in the summer will depend on spring garden works. How to care for the garden in spring? We present some tips that will guarantee your plants healthy development at its earliest stages. Although it might seem that there is still some time left to the real madness in the garden, the work done in the early spring period will have a huge impact on the appearance of the garden in the full season. It should be remembered that an impressive garden is not only planting and caring for plants, but also a series of seemingly invisible works.

1. Spring fertilization

At the turn of March and April the first fertilization should be done, which supports the growth of plants and makes them more resistant. The fertilizer should be spread around the flowers and dig the soil in the highest layer. Natural fertilizers such as compost or compound fertilizers will work best, which, thanks to properly selected proportions, do not poison plants, but guarantee their proper development.

2. General cleaning

As you can guess, garden care in the spring must be started with general (not without reason called “spring”) cleaning. Rakes and pruners should move. At the very beginning we have to clean the garden of everything that winter has brought to it. Let’s pick up the branches we have picked up, pick up rotten leaves, pine cones and fruit and fix the elements of the garden building. After these initial actions, we can get on with the real spring cleaning of the garden. Our task will be to rake the remains of plants and dig those that did not survive the winter. Despite our best efforts, it happens that frosts, wind and the weight of snow will be destructive for plants. Then we should get rid of damaged roots and dried bushes.

3. Pruning trees

One of the most important cleaning points in the spring garden is pruning plants. In order for them to grow healthily throughout the whole season, their development should be facilitated. Before we pick up the scissors and saws, we must remove the winter covers from the bushes. It’s best to do it when temperatures stabilize already in the black – most often at the end of March. Let’s choose a cloudy day so that the sun does not damage the shoots that have developed under the covers. The date of pruning plants should be selected depending on their type. The earliest – because at the end of February – we can get on the fruit trees. Make sure that as much sun reaches the crowns as possible. Thanks to this, the fruit will be more shapely and tastier. We should also remove wolves, or annual shoots growing from the trunk, which do not bear fruit. In early spring in the garden, it’s best to take care of apple, pear and plum trees. Other fruit trees can wait until summer.

4. Planting first plants

If the early spring is extremely warm and sunny, you can be tempted to plant the first plants. They must, however, be varieties resistant to low temperatures, which are not in danger of freezing, such as violets, asters or irises. Species more sensitive to thermal changes can be covered with agrotextile or planted in pots and put on the window. At every stage of garden preparation for the season, gardening equipment such as saws, pressure washers, sprayers, rotary tillers and scarifiers will also be necessary.

5. It’s time to take care of the lawn

A properly maintained lawn can be a showcase of our garden. For this to happen, proper gardening should be done in the spring. In addition to raking, which we have already mentioned, we can aerate our lawn, if the March temperature allows it. The next step will be fertilizing the grass – it’s best to do it before the expected rainfall, so that the fertilizer will be dissolved immediately. It is also important to mow the grass in places where it is apparently lacking. In winter, the lawn may have been damaged, and early spring rodent activity is also significant. It is also worth cutting the edges of the lawn with a special shovel.

When the temperatures are good for spending time outside, it’s a good idea to look after your garden, not only for aesthetic reasons, but also for relaxation. Light, undemanding work and being among green plants will allow you to calm down and de-stress. If the garden is to look beautiful in the summer, pre-spring work is even necessary so that the plants can adapt accordingly.

What are the services of garden design companies?

Having an attractive garden in which you can spend time pleasantly and relax after the hardships of everyday life is very important for many people. However, not everyone has the time or skills needed to set up an attractive garden. Specialist companies that offer professional services in establishing and arranging gardens come to the aid of such people.

On the Internet, the press and other media, you can find many ads and announcements of companies that deal with gardening and their arrangement. Therefore, it is worth considering what the work of such companies looks like. It turns out that it is divided into several stages.

Preparation of the garden space design

As with other activities, also when arranging gardens, the basis is to prepare the appropriate design. Specialists operating in the field of arranging garden spaces consult with the client and prepare the project taking into account the garden area and all tastes of the owner. Elements such as lawn, trees, garden plants and, of course, furniture, decorations, paths, lighting, etc. are taken into account.

Acquiring plants and other things

After the project is prepared and confirmed by the client, the gardening company starts working. Its first stage is soil preparation and obtaining plants, garden furniture, stones for marking paths and other elements of garden arrangement. Often, such companies independently sell such products or have extensive contacts among the best suppliers. So let’s pay attention to specialists who are able to provide the highest quality garden furniture, plants, lawns, etc.

Implementation of the garden arrangement plan

After preparing the area and obtaining all the necessary things from suppliers, employees of the gardening company proceed to the implementation of the plan. Good service providers have many years of experience and know how to prepare land, plant trees, plant lawns and erect garden constructions such as arbors, pergolas and tool sheds. Thanks to modern equipment, such companies are doing much faster and better than inexperienced owners doing it themselves.

Further customer service

After completing the garden arrangement, the customer has the option of ordering further garden care services. Thanks to this, it will look attractive and will be properly prepared by experienced staff for the next seasons.

If we do not have time to plan the garden ourselves or we lack gardening skills or knowledge, the project is best ordered from a professional such as Designs 4 Gardens.