Rules for selecting pots for house and garden plants

Currently on the market you will find a very wide range of pots for indoor plants and for the garden. There you can find traditional plastic, unglazed and glazed ceramic, metal, concrete and wooden pots, which are available in various capacities and shapes. When choosing the right decorative pots, you need to know what you will grow in them and what conditions will be the best for the plants. This is important due to the fact that not every pot will work outside, and not every one at home. In addition, remember that each pot must have enough space for the roots of the plants we plant to grow in the future. We assume that the volume of the substrate in the pot or in the box must be twice as large as the root ball of the plant.

Small pots for small plants

Usually, when we buy a new, young plant, it is in a small pot. Tiny leaves and a small root system do not need more than a few dozen grams of good soil. Over time, it is necessary to gradually transplant into a slightly larger pot, then again and again. Plants are not replanted every season (spring) and when they show that they lack space in the container. How do you know it? Depending on the plant – the roots can come out of the ground upwards or through the bottom holes; plastic pots can distort when pushed from the inside; the plant may also produce many small leaves that will die, or the flowers will not stick because they will not be fed.

Large pots for large plants

It can be said that there are two guiding principles from which, of course, there are exceptions. The larger the plant, the larger the pot it should have. The larger the root ball, the larger the container it should be. A large pot ensures stability for the plant growing to the sides. This is a place to dig in supports and ladders so that it can climb. The soil and the minerals it contains are food. Also the place of feeding nutrients and fertilizers. Plants that are several years old, very large and with an extensive root system, will need large containers.

Pots with drainage

An important issue in growing plants in pots is to ensure drainage of water. A moment of inattention is enough for too much liquid to fall from the watering can, which could expose the roots to rotting. Therefore, it is important that the water should drain away. You can use flower pots for the living room with holes and a saucer, but they are not always practical. It is difficult, for example, to move a flower with a stand full of water, and if the plant stands on the floor, the plate can become a drinker for the dog, which may endanger his health, especially when you use fertilizers. Another solution is to put expanded clay or stones on the bottom of the pot to ensure drainage. This is a good way to keep the roots from rotting, but the water at the bottom will remain constant, lose freshness, and be a place for microorganisms and even vermin to grow. Despite everything, we recommend it, but you should also be careful when watering. There are also pots with irrigation systems, which are great for indoor plants. Apart from the fact that they provide the roots with access to water, they also accommodate it in the event of overflow. You can find such products at the manufacturer Lechuza and Aira. You can also grow plants in ordinary plastic containers, and decorative pots can be treated as casings in which any excess water is collected.

For balcony or terrace plants, a good option is to choose a pot with water drainage outside. Such a modification can be selected e.g. for models from the Longerino, Volcano, Asti and other lines. Thanks to the drainage hose, the water does not stand in the pot. This is a very useful function not only when we overflow the plant, but also during heavy or prolonged rains. The soil will dry freely without exposing the plant to rot.


Choosing a pot is especially important if it will be part of a larger display. Then it is necessary not only to select a single pot for a specific plant, but also to match other pots and plants in the entire arrangement of the composition. In this case, it is worth avoiding pots in contrasting colors, as they will distract from our greenery. You can use containers of the same color to get a harmonious group and emphasize the mood of a given place in the room. It is also worth considering whether the containers and plants will look good both in a larger combination, as well as separately. The pot offer is so varied and interesting that sometimes we first notice a wonderful pot, and only then we choose a plant for it. Finding a balance between the elegance of the pot and its usefulness is the key to success.

Perennials that are easy to grow

Are you looking for a beautiful but not very labor-intensive garden? We suggest a solution! In the article below, we present popular perennials that you can safely say that grow on their own. They have great decorative value and practically no requirements when it comes to beauty treatments. By planting blooming perennials in the garden, we can enjoy their beauty every year, without the need to dig up and store. There are a large number of flower species that endure our winters without any problem. Among them we can find many beautiful varieties with wonderful flowers.

Garden daylilies

One of the most beautiful flowers are garden daylilies. They bloom for a very long time during the summer. Their flowers appear on the stem growing out of a clump of leaves. One day lily flower lasts only one day, however they bloom one after another. From one large clump, several stems with flower buds grow. They grow very well both in a sunny place and in a slightly shaded place. The soil for them can be average, with a slightly acidic pH.


Echinacea flowers, shaped like baskets, appear in mid-summer and grow until autumn. Depending on the variety, they can be from half a meter to even one and a half high. Echinacea can be of various colors, from white to green through yellow to pink or carmine. They grow well in average soil, preferably in a sunny position.


Peonies, or other peonies, are very effective flowering plants. They grow for many years in one place, and their flowers appear in May and June, depending on the position in which they grow and their varieties. The most common peonies are those with pink flowers. Dark red and white ones also look very decorative. There are also some rare varieties with yellow petals. Some varieties of peony with red outer petals have yellow tinged inner petals. Peonies grow without any problems in moderately fertile and well-drained soil. They look nice against a dark green background made of other plants. They bloom well both in a sunny and slightly shaded position.

Lavenders and sage

Lavender and sage have similar soil requirements. They grow very well in dry and sunny places, on soil rich in calcium. They require a place sheltered from frost as they can freeze during severe winters. It is also worth covering them with leaves, fallen from trees in autumn or fir twigs. They are perfect for creating rebates and borders around paths in a sunny place.


Hellebores are another interesting perennial flowers that winter well in our climate. They usually bloom in early spring, at the very beginning of the growing season. Usually it is around March and sometimes in April. Hellebores are the first flowers to appear alongside snowdrops and crocuses in the garden. It grows well in fertile, well-drained soil.


Beautiful phlox flowers are eye-catching wherever we plant them in the garden. Not only are they eye-catching in the flowerbed, they are also suitable for bottles as cut flowers. They can be planted in average soil. They bloom profusely, growing in a sunny place, because there will be much less flowers in the shade. Winged phloxes are suitable for turfing surfaces with other plants. They look good on rockeries or around paths. On the other hand, paniculate phloxes are tall, about one meter. The flowers have panicles at the end of the stem.

Where to plant flowers in the garden

For perennials with spectacular flowers, it is worth preparing a suitable place in our garden. One of the most important is to make a suitable background from green deciduous plants – tall perennials or shrubs. Peonies or paniculate phloxes will then look even more decorative. When arranging a garden with the intention of spending time relaxing there, without having to care for the whole thing for most of your free time, it is worth choosing effective but undemanding plants. Perennials are one of them – as perennial plants, they can grow in one place for a long time, and in addition, we do not have to store them in winter. It is enough to cover them with fir or leaves from trees. We should also make sure that the shrubs and trees selected for the garden are resistant and undemanding.

Things to get done in your garden this winter

In winter, garden plants doze under a snow blanket – they are at rest. Accordingly, there is little work in the garden. However, from time to time we should check how the plants winter, improve their covers and scoop up excess snow from them.

Remove excess snow

Systematically shovel excess snow from columnar conifers. The abundant snow cover can turn into ice – it can break off branches and deform shrubs. An additional protection against permanent plant damage is tying their branches. It will be more difficult for them to bend under heavy, wet snow. In addition, regularly check the condition of winter protection of plants sensitive to frost, whether they have slipped due to strong wind or snow.

In the event of very severe frosts, it is worth covering the plants with an additional layer of straw, tunic or agrotextile for this time. In severe winters, hungry hares and even deer can visit the gardens located in the vicinity of the forest or fields and gnaw the plants. If our fence is not a tight barrier against these animals, it is worth protecting the trunks of young trees.

When clearing snow from garden surfaces, limit to mechanical methods. It is best to do it with a special snow shovel or shovel, for larger number of paths you can use a mechanical snow thrower. Avoid using chemicals for this purpose, such as de-icing salt for roads, because this, along with melting snow, penetrates the soil, destroying its structure and disrupting biodiversity. Plants in saline soil have difficulties with uptake of water, grow less, have less growth and bloom less profusely, are also more susceptible to diseases and pathogens, and in extreme cases even dry up. In addition, salt may cause discoloration or other damage to the material from which the pavement is made.

The lawn in winter: what to do and what not to do?

During frosts, try not to trample it, not to compact the ground and snow, and not to crush the frozen stalks, because after the thaw they will rot and die, creating empty spots on the grassland. If snow falls, it does not have to be removed from the lawn, because the blades winter well under the duvet cover, which protects them from the cold. On the other hand, snow cannot be stored on the turf, because the hard and heavy ice crust (just like trampling) causes disease.

The condition in which the lawn survives this period depends primarily on the prior maintenance in season and before winter. A healthy turf, properly fertilized, shortly trimmed, growing on a fertile and, above all, permeable ground, will withstand the hardships of the winter months. The first care treatments (rolling and scarifying – i.e. renovation) will be possible only in early spring.

Take care of potted plants – wintering houseplants

A short day for most plants (garden and potted) is a signal to go into dormancy. Nobody is surprised by the garden snoozing under a blanket of snow. Few people know that most potted plants go into a dormant period during the winter. The winter dormancy of plants begins at the end of October and lasts until March. During this time, the life processes of plants are slowed down, they usually do not grow or grow very slowly, so they do not need as much water and nutrients as in the period of intensive growth. Nevertheless, they cannot be forgotten!

The conditions in which houseplants in the apartment overwinter are far from those in nature. Insufficient amount of light, low air humidity, high temperature and improper watering – all this means that overwintering houseplants often die during the winter.

Remember about birds

In winter, and especially in cold and snowy seasons, it is difficult for birds to find enough food. Let’s help them survive the winter. However, in order not to do more harm than good, let’s get acquainted with the basic principles of proper and responsible feeding of birds. Always pour out the food in the same place, because the birds quickly get used to the places where they find food. It is best to feed the birds in a feeder positioned so that it is difficult to access by predators (mainly cats). The covered feeder will also protect food and feasting birds from snow or rain. Do you feed the birds consistently and regularly? If you started doing it in autumn, you should definitely continue feeding until the birds can easily find food on their own (usually until the end of April or the beginning of May).


A garden greenhouse – it always pays off!

Every year winter appears and disappears outside the windows, playing tricks on us. Despite the sunny weather, we have to wait until spring for beautiful flowers and green lawns. If we want to enjoy gardening next year also during the winter months, it is worth considering building or purchasing a greenhouse. It also has the potential to become the defining element of our garden! Although we associate greenhouses with rural areas and the large-scale cultivation of vegetables and flowers, there is no reason not to put up an elegant greenhouse in the corner of our suburban garden. It all depends on our goal!

A greenhouse in a home garden will work especially well because it provides ideal conditions for the cultivation of edible plants such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, eggplants, strawberries, but also basil and arugula. Its warmth extends the growing season. It is also extremely important here that the conditions for plant development in the greenhouse are much more stable than in the field. Although growing ourselves on a small scale, we will certainly not meet the full demand of our family for vegetables and herbs, the occasional consumption of plants cultivated by our own hands can bring us great satisfaction. In addition, in the greenhouse we can also grow many varieties of exotic plants, for example our cacti will feel great in it. Working in the garden has a relaxing effect on many people, it is worth extending this relaxation!

Greenhouse decision – what to consider?

First of all, we need to determine how much we are willing to spend on building a greenhouse. The choice is really huge now, so you need to think carefully about the answer! For example, greenhouses covered with glass or polycarbonate sheets will be much more expensive than those covered with plastic film. What is our goal? Do we just want to try our hand at gardening, or are we really going to spend a lot of time and effort doing it? Or maybe we care more about diversifying the space in our garden? In the latter case, plastic foil will certainly not work! If, however, we are just starting our adventure with cultivation, we can consider the popular mini greenhouses.

Right location

The functioning of the greenhouse will require a perfectly sunny place. Therefore, it should be built in the southern zone of our plot, preferably on the east-west line. When designing the roof, we should take into account the different sun angle in summer and winter. Therefore, the roof slope angle between 25-35 degrees will be the best in the year-round perspective. Of course, the location should be adjusted to the specifics of our plot. The place for the greenhouse must not be wet, puddles are not desirable here! The temperature inside will also be influenced by the wind. Naturally, we will not choose a shaded place or a place which may become so in the future due to the development of trees. There are also factors other than natural ones. If our young children or grandchildren often play in the garden, the glass greenhouse should not necessarily be within the reach of their or their balls.

Proven methods for controlling weeds in your garden

Weeds are a challenge for any garden owner. They take away water, light, nutrients and space from plants. Garden weeds, removing them is laborious and sometimes unsuccessful. How to get rid of weeds in the garden. Learn about weed treatments that will reduce their amount in the garden. Weeds in the garden and weeding – a gardener’s guide. Weeding the garden.

Weeds in the garden are the bane of most of us. Are there any effective remedies for garden weeds? How can I get rid of them? Or maybe some weeds should be left in the garden?

Weeds in your garden

Why is the garden so easily taken over by weeds, while the plants we grow often grow poorly and get sick? Because weeds are local plants that are well adapted to the habitat in which they live. The weeds in the garden are expansive – they create strong roots, strong stolons or spread with thousands of seeds. Delicate garden varieties usually do not stand a chance against garden weeds. Weeds are wild plants that are perfectly adapted to the local environment. That is why weeds grow well, although no one sows or cares for them.

Weeds removal

Hence the need to systematically remove weeds. For ecological reasons, however, it is better not to use herbicides on garden weeds, because they poison the soil and reduce the biodiversity of the environment. Besides, their use in the garden should be limited as they also affect the cultivated plants.

Limiting the amount of weeds

To reduce the occurrence of weeds on our plot, it is worth starting from the beginning, i.e. reducing the possibility of these undesirable plants. While it is not so easy on the lawn, it is possible in a bed or a corner with shrubs. A good way is to mulch the soil. We can use organic bedding, e.g. bark or wood chips. This will reduce the occurrence of weeds in large numbers and improve the soil conditions of other plants. We also have the option of using synthetic bedding, e.g. foil or agrotextile. It is an effective way to reduce weed infestation with little effort. Synthetic mulches last for many years and do not require regular control, as in the case of organic soil cover. It is also important not to introduce weed seeds into our garden yourself. When we buy gardening soil, always choose one from a good producer, preferably one in bags with a ready substrate. Sowing material for a lawn or a bed should also be free of weed seeds. It is worth choosing closed packaging available in garden stores, then we can be sure that it is a selected, high-quality product.

Manual weed removal

It is best to get rid of the weeds early in the season when they have not yet developed seeds. It is particularly important for annual species, as these easily reproduce by falling seeds. The cheapest and easiest way to get rid of weeds is manual removal. We can choose a hoe, shovel or just our own hands. She weaves fairly quickly with a hoe when she has a properly sharpened blade. However, some weeds, especially perennial ones, do not respond well to this treatment. On the contrary, it stimulates them to reproduce and grow, e.g. by rhizomes. Therefore, when removing them, we also dig out what is underground, but so as not to damage the roots and get rid of the entire lump, not just part of it. To undermine the weed, we can help ourselves with a pointed spatula.

Manual removal is effective if we perform it regularly, even every week, or every two. Otherwise, after some time, we will not deal with a large number of unwanted guests and the return to the original state of the garden will be more difficult.

Chemical weed control

In a situation where other, less invasive methods fail and the number of weeds continues to increase, it is worth considering the use of chemical agents, i.e. herbicides. They are effective and fairly easy to use. They will also not be dangerous if we follow the manufacturer’s instructions on the label. There are several herbicides that can come in handy in fighting weeds. The most commonly used is a selective herbicide, we use it topically. It removes weeds in the place where it was applied without affecting the previously planted plants. Non-selective herbicides are also available, but these destroy anything they encounter on their way, so only use them before setting up a garden.

When it comes to the way herbicides work, we can choose between contact and systemic. The former destroy plants in direct contact with them. The weed looks burned and eventually dies. They are mainly used to remove annual weeds. On the other hand, systemic agents penetrate deep into the plant, also destroying the roots. It causes their growth inhibition, deformation and dieback.

Why should we fight weeds?

Weeds make crops malnourished and dry – as a result, they grow less, produce less flowers and produce less fruit, which is so important when they have spread around the bushes of tomatoes, cucumbers, currants and raspberries. Although orchard plants are less susceptible to weed infestation, foreign species also slow down the growth of young apple or plum trees. On the other hand, when weeds entangle columnar types of conifers, their twigs turn brown under the cover of leaves and gradually “go bald”.

Weeds – an important prevention

When preparing a place for a lawn or a bed, dig it and pull out all the perennial weeds that grow thanks to the rhizomes, such as couch grass or ground elder. This is very important, because leaving at least a fragment of the rhizome in the ground will make the weed grow again. It is worth leaving the excavated area for some time so that other weeds germinate from the seeds remaining in the soil. When that happens, we remove them as early as possible.

Autumn garden cleaning and preparation for winter

Summer is behind us a long time ago, the trees are showing more and more colorful leaves, the gardens are turning brown, yellow and purple, the days are getting shorter and the evenings and mornings are cooler. This is a sign that autumn is fast approaching. We will advise you on how to take care of the garden and everything that is in it before winter, so that you can easily welcome the next season.

Hide potted plants home

At the beginning of autumn, the potted plants that are sensitive to low temperature, decorating the terrace or balcony, should be brought home.

Sow and plant the plants

Many plants, mainly annuals (black seeds, cornflowers, poppies, marigolds, gypsophila) will bloom the next season earlier if sown in the fall. From mid-September, biennial plants (mallow, bluebells, foxgloves, pansies, daisies) and perennials can be transplanted to their target sites so that they can take root before winter. Large clumps can be divided. Plants planted with a lump of soil take best.

Feed the plants

A universal fertilizer for autumn use is compost (it can be fertilized until the end of November). For fertilizing trees and shrubs, mature compost, which is spread under plant crowns, or phosphorus and potassium fertilizers (nitrogen fertilizers are not used in autumn, because they extend the vegetation period of plants, which may cause them to freeze). Fertilizers should be distributed around the plants in a circular pattern (most active roots are on the edge of the crown), they can also be mixed shallowly with the soil.

Plant the bulbs

Spring-flowering bulbs that winter in the ground can be planted in September and October. It is worth doing it before the first frosts, because the bulbs must have time to take root before the onset of winter (until the middle of October, you should plant the bulbs of ornamental garlic, iris, sapphires, scallops, tulips, lilies and crocus bulbs).

After the first frosts, the places where the bulbs were planted should be covered with a 2-4 cm layer of bark or peat, dry leaves, straw or spruce branches. At the beginning of autumn, you can plant or replant some coniferous trees and shrubs, as well as evergreen plants. If we do this later, they may not be able to take root before the coming winter. In heavy soils, rooting may be more difficult; then planting is better to postpone in the spring.

Protect the plants from frost

Perennials are protected against frost in autumn, against soil freezing (usually it is done only in November). This can be done by mulching the soil with bark or leaves, as well as manure. Mulching prevents temperature fluctuations in the soil and helps to keep it moist. The plants are watered and trimmed to a height of about 15 cm, also covered with pine or spruce branches. The grass roots that are sensitive to frost should also be covered with twigs in the fall. Perennials that do not winter in the ground (dahlias, begonias, gladioli, gilding) need to be dug up, remove the above-ground parts, and the underground ones – rhizomes, tubers, bulbs – slightly dry, thoroughly cleaned and put for the winter in a dry, airy, cool room – at a temperature of 5 10 ° C. Bulbs should be stored in boxes filled with peat or sawdust, arranged so that they do not touch each other.

Regardless of the covering, some plants should be protected by the so-called mounding, that is sprinkling the roots with soil, leaves, bark or sawdust – up to a height of 20–40 cm. Even if the shoots are frozen in harsh winter, the branches will bounce off the lower, covered part of the plant in spring. This is how it is worth protecting hydrangeas, roses, clematis, young specimens of palm maples and buds. In periods of drought, evergreen plants should be watered even in winter – during the thaw, water evaporates through their leaves, which exposes the plant to drying out. Evergreen plants should also be shaded with shading nets that do not let in UV radiation and protect against wind. Potted plants overwintering on the terrace – properly secure. A small root ball, a small water supply, strong winds and winter sun rays increase evaporation, which makes the plant vulnerable to freezing.

The easiest way is to place the pot in the soil and make a mound of soil around the plant. If this is not possible, you can wrap the pot with straw or corrugated cardboard and place it in a wooden crate or in a cardboard box filled with bark, dry leaves or even newspapers or polystyrene pieces.

Plants wintering in this way should be placed as close to each other as possible and their shoots should also be secured, as in garden plants, with straw mats, coniferous branches, agrotextile (one that provides the necessary light access) or dry leaves (you can first wrap the plant loosely with a net, and then pour the leaves inside).

Useful tools in your garden in autumn

October is the month when you have to think intensively about preparations for autumn and winter in the garden. One of the important issues is the purchase of the necessary things that will support us while working in the garden. The first stage of autumn means early autumn works, which include mowing, fruit picking, fertilization and the beginning of cleaning works. You have to collect fallen leaves, clean all surfaces or use a special vacuum cleaner. The second stage is more cleaning work. There may also be a need for periodic snow removal or de-icing. Therefore, in the fall it is worth preparing properly and, above all, buying equipment that we will use during the work. You can even create a list of essentials.

Rakes for leaves

This is called basic necessity. A good rake is characterized by a wide strip and dense claws that will work well in the case of large surfaces.

Leaf and grass scraper

It will greatly facilitate cleaning work in the garden at any time of the year. The tool will allow you to collect not only leaves, but also cut grass, fallen fruit or hay. The long handle is convenient for collecting waste without bending down. The scraper will also protect your hands from getting dirty or injured.


We will use it to compost biodegradable waste. The obtained compost can be used primarily in our garden. We can put mowed grass, leaves, kitchen waste, parts of plants into the container, so the solution is very useful and practical.

Furniture covers

In autumn and winter, we do not want to expose our furniture to damage. It is worth protecting garden furniture against the influence of negative weather conditions. Good quality covers have strings that can be squeezed, which will protect the cover from the wind.


The ladder will certainly be useful in every home throughout the year. With its help, we can easily select leaves from the gutters or cut trees.

Leaf blower

The device can be in a manual or a backpack version. The strong airflow easily blows the leaves into one place, which will be easier during cleaning works. Some blowers also have a leaf suction function for the included bag.

Plant trimming tools

For small gardens, hand tools will certainly be useful. Useful tools include secateurs, shears, saws, leaf shredders. The devices should be adapted to your needs and the size of the garden and plants.

Plant care products

In the fall, plants need special care. The appearance of the garden is often evidenced by the lawn, which should be fertilized in the fall with a special fertilizer.

Digging tools

When caring for autumn plants, various types of planting spatula and claws will be useful first of all. Their size and type should be adjusted to the type of plants.


Small and plastic wheelbarrows are sufficient for small gardens. Metal or stone wheelbarrows are suitable for transporting heavy items. The devices listed in the article will greatly facilitate work in the garden and make it comfortable.

Take care of your garden in autumn

Autumn on the plot is a period of intensive preparations for winter. So equip yourself with the necessary tools and invest your time and energy in gardening.

Garden plants that cannot be dried

The rich group of plants allows us to adjust them to many habitat conditions. We can successfully plant plants in the garden that will be very resistant to the lack of water, so they will not cause problems in hot summers. Many wild plants, whose natural growth conditions are dunes or sand, grow well without water, produce colorful inflorescences or have attractive leaves. Some of the plants have reduced their leaves in such a way as to reduce evaporation. There are also cases when plants are able to change the angle of the leaf to the sun’s rays and thus regulate water loss.

Below is a set of iron plants that can cope with harsh conditions.

Trees and shrubs resistant to drought

Trees resistant to drought are mainly numerous species of birch or pine – useful or weeping birch, as well as black pine, mountain pine will look beautiful regardless of the weather. The trees also have a shading function – other, smaller plants have a favorable shade within them, which also protects them against drought and heat.

  • pines, for example mountain pine, black pine
  • all birches, such as “Doorenbos”, “Tristis”
  • junipers
  • ores, e.g. Californian fir, Korean fir
  • black locusts – which in spring are covered with numerous white, fragrant flowers. Acacia ropes come in many varieties, the Robinia “Umbrella”, popular for small gardens, has a compact spherical crown that does not require shaping
  • maples that will be an attractive accent in summer and autumn – changing colors will create real masterpieces.
  • lilac meringues – covered with numerous fragrant flowers in spring, it will become a pleasant accent, while in summer this large shrub will be a source of shade
  • wrinkled rose – resistant to drought and diseases, it will blend in nicely in the garden, and its fragrant flowers and red, autumn fruits will become a real decoration

Perennials for a sun-drenched and dry garden

  • Sedum plants – these are plants with fleshy leaves that may vary in color within the species. In late summer, sedum plants begin to bloom profusely, the flowers are in the form of canopies, pink, red and yellow in color. Sedum plants remain decorative also in autumn and winter – when dried inflorescences become garden decorations. Low maintenance requirements and easy cultivation are the reasons for the success and popularity of this group.
  • Swarms – these are succulents that grow perfectly not only on dry but also poor soils, thanks to which they help fill the niches in the garden. Swarms are small plants, most often forming decorative rosettes. Swarms have many colors of leaves and flowers become their decoration.
  • Antennaria dioica – is a low plant, ideally growing in permeable soils and in a sunny position. It will also cope with poor quality or dry soils. The ornaments of the meanders are small leaves that are covered with tarnish, and flowers – pink or white, appear in May.
  • Bearded irises – a variety of classic irises (irises), which do not like moist soils, they cope well in drought conditions, thanks to the bulbous rhizome, which are the roots and organ used for vegetative reproduction. Irises are rich in colors, fragrances and textures – the flowers are violet, yellow and red. They blend in beautifully in sunny and semi-shaded positions.
  • Carnations – bearded and garden carnations, are very attractive because of their flowers, they are red, white, pink – they can be single or multi-colored. The advantage is resistance to drought and sun.
  • Lavender – who among us does not know this charming plant? Violet-blue flowers with an intense, pleasant fragrance. Lavender requires calcareous soils, but it does well in blankets or in dry weather. Its dry flowers can be used as a wardrobe fragrance, or as an ingredient in cookies or lemonade.
  • Sage – very attractive plants, with purple flowers and slightly silver leaves. Salvia grows quickly and the numerous seeds give us many seedlings in the garden.
  • Woolly purgatory – decorated with leaves covered with white bloom. The silvery shade makes it a unique showcase.
  • Carolingian yucca – has the form of compact, sharp, leathery leaves decorated with white flowers placed on an upright stem.
  • Mullein – forms a dense clump of large leaves, which in the second year after planting, are decorated with yellow, tiny flowers placed on an erect stem.

How to help your garden survive a drought

Sometimes the drought takes its toll on all of us. In many parts of the country there is a shortage of rain, all crops are disappearing and yields are twice as low as in previous years. The effects of drought are visible not only in agricultural crops, but also in our home gardens. Plants dry before the eyes, lose their color, fade faster, or their leaves begin to discolor, as if it was autumn. Each copy, unfortunately, experiences the negative effects of drought. Therefore, in this article, I want to advise you on how to prepare your garden for drought, and how to deal with it now.

How to water plants?

In order not to harm the plants when we plan to water them, we must follow a few rules. We only water when it is really necessary. This watering should be plentiful, but not very frequent. We water it once and well. So, for example, once a week, but very abundantly. This is due to the fact that plants can get used to regular access to water – when we water them too often, every day, and once we don’t, they will feel it immediately. When the frequency is reduced, they will become more resistant to long-term drought. Additionally, the root system at the time of regular watering will not be too deep, because when it does not have to develop while looking for water, it will stop growing.

Another rule of thumb is to water at the right time of the day. First of all, the time of watering should be carefully selected – it must be either early morning or late evening, when the air temperature has already dropped. Watering with cool water in the heat can harm the plant, so we should wait until the evening. Water used for watering should be left standing – rainwater or well water works well here. However, we must first lower it into buckets or watering cans so that the temperature is not too low and not to cause a thermal shock.

When watering plants, remember not to pour water over the leaves – it can cause burns or disease. We pour the water as close to the ground as possible. If we water with water from a garden hose, try not to direct the water stream directly at the root ball, because the strong water pressure rinses the substrate from the root ball and damages the root hairs. Then we water it with mild pressure, or direct the stream of water further.

When watering plants, you should always exercise moderation – use this treatment at times of utmost necessity, only when we notice the negative effects of water deficiency. To facilitate watering, we can install several systems in the garden that will store water and help distribute it.

Garden irrigation system

The irrigation system in your garden is a great convenience, but we must be aware that the need to water the garden in times of drought is high, so costs can be high. For the purposes of the irrigation system, it may be necessary to make an additional water intake – in the form of a water intake or digging a deep well.

The irrigation system can be divided into two main types – depending on what plants we need to water. The first is a sprinkler system, which we install most often where the lawn grows. The system is dug to a depth of about 11 inches, and then sprinklers extend out of the basin in point, which will either rotate or be fixed. The sprinklers emerge from a patch of grass and sprinkle a specific surface.

A drip line will work better in flower beds with trees, shrubs or perennials. It is a garden hose, holes through which water condenses within the roots and plants. The drip system usually does not require installation into the ground. It can be laid on the litter and masked with it. To stabilize it, we use metal clamps. In order to clarify the supply of water to the roots, we can use drippers – these are plastic pins, fixed deep into the ground, through which water condenses.

The irrigation system will certainly facilitate garden care, especially in summer. It is worth thinking about it when setting up a garden, but it is not a necessity, because the installation of the irrigation system can be done by yourself, it is not very invasive or difficult. The irrigation system can be autonomous and completely free of our intervention. By equipping it with a controller, we will be able to program the exact time of its activation. It is also possible to purchase an irrigation system which, by analyzing weather conditions – temperature, rainfall, air and soil humidity, will turn itself on if necessary. Thanks to this, having an irrigation system, we can leave without fear or simply forget about watering the garden.

How does litter help in times of drought?

Mulching in the garden is a very positive and friendly procedure that fulfills several functions. Mulching is the lining of the bed with stone or plant material, under which there is often an agrotextile.

At this point, it is worth considering whether the agrotextile is necessary, useful, does it fulfill its functions and what are they? Opinions vary. The non-woven fabric is designed to stop the growth of weeds, we arrange it, spreading bark on top of it. The bark begins to decompose after a year, creating perfect caries. Unfortunately, it cannot get into the soil through the fabric, it is on top of it. The wind brings soil and weed seeds here, which have excellent conditions for development on the fertile humus. It is more difficult to remove them, because the flexible, young root easily grows over the agrotextile, so we only get rid of the above-ground part. It stays roots and grows back. Over and over again.

It is also worth knowing that this material often hinders the growth of flowers and perennial plants. Runners, seeds and shoots have no place to grow. Therefore, in places where we plant perennial beds or cover plants, it can cause damage. In the case of trees and shrubs, this is not such a negative impact, and when we cover the agrotextile with gravel, we can obtain the desired effect, but it is worth considering the use of non-woven material. A thick layer of gravel laid without material lining will also hinder the growth of weeds, and will not cut off the soil from us – any care treatments, weed removal or freedom in space arrangement will remain. Stones laid in a thick layer will also not be contaminated or fall into the soil.

Coming back to the topic of bedding – why does it help us in hot weather? First of all, litter retains moisture – it prevents evaporation, it is also a barrier to the scorching sun. Soil temperature is slightly lower, so water does not heat up so quickly and evaporates. In addition, bark or other plant materials – such as grass, wood clippings, shavings, cones also store water, which they can give back during drought. So it is worth mulching beds, stones or gravel, or even cut grass protects the soil surface from sun.

Other amenities during hot weather

Plants planted in spring are particularly sensitive to heat, their root system is not yet well developed, trees and shrubs need time to adapt. Therefore, in times of drought, we can observe the suction of freshly planted plants, the loss of leaves, flowers and shoots. How to deal with it?

First, we can make shading screens – a great way for plants growing in the sun. It is enough to create something in the form of a screen on a wooden frame and place it in such a way that it creates a shadow. It can be an agrotextile, a bamboo mat, stretched on two wooden pegs, or even a garden umbrella. Plants, especially those sensitive to heat, will appreciate this piece of shade and will certainly endure scorching sun better.

To facilitate the storage of water in the soil, use a hydrogel when planting the plant. A hydrogel is an artificial substance, most often in the form of a powder or granules for the preparation of a suspension. The hydrogel is mixed with the substrate while planting the plant. This substance, in contact with water, increases its volume many times, they store the water which it releases during drought. It is estimated that the hydrogel can store up to 80% of rainwater. He is able to keep it at a level that is available to plants. A hydrogel can also retain many elements – such as, for example, magnesium. We can successfully use it on light and permeable soils, it is not recommended for clay and heavy soils. A hydrogel substrate can be used in pots, and even when sowing the lawn. Hydrogel is also often sold with fertilizers or other mixtures of substrates, which additionally positively affect the development and growth of plants.

For plants planted in balcony boxes, there are also hydro boxes, special pockets filled with gel. Before placing them in the pot, they must be well watered, preferably immersed in water and then placed on the bottom of the pot. By increasing and reducing its volume, the hydrogel contributes to the improvement of the soil structure, loosens it and improves the lumpy properties.

Plants in flower pots or balcony boxes belong to the particularly sensitive group. The limited area and boundaries that inhibit root growth make plants rely on us and our care. Therefore, constant access to water is particularly important here. An excellent idea for the care of plants in pots is to plant them in pots with an irrigation system. The irrigation system is a great idea for hot days, but it will also be helpful for forgetful people or people who travel frequently. The irrigation system in the pots ensures that the plants have constant access to water in the bottom of the pot. Such a pot consists of two elements – a casing and an insert, between which there is a space. This space is where water is collected and the plant has access to it. The water in the tank lasts for a long time – often much longer than in a traditional pot. Depending on the species, watering can be reduced to even one every few weeks. Constant access to water causes healthy development of plants, their rapid growth, and makes it easier for us to care for, which is especially important when it is hot, and we have more plants, and we do not want to spend half a day running with a watering can from one pot to another.

To support our plants in times of drought, we can apply potassium fertilizer. Potassium promotes root development, which contributes to more efficient water uptake from the soil. Therefore, it is important to supply plants with fertilizers containing this element. Additionally, a well-developed root system will support wintering of plants and protect them against freezing in the root zone.

How to design your dream garden – step by step

Each of us needs an oasis – a place of rest and relaxation. It is best if it is in harmony with nature, so that the proximity of nature brings relief from concrete walls and street noise. Do we have to travel to the end of the world to find such a paradise? No, it’s enough to arrange it ourselves. What are we talking about? Of course, about the garden.

A garden, i.e. green lungs for household members, where you can relax, and also a meeting place. The garden can perform many different functions, which is why it is so important that the garden design takes into account its various faces.

Do it yourself or with a professional?

Designing this charming, green corner is not easy, because you have to take into account many different issues, such as: sun exposure, soil type, soil moisture.

It all matters in the context of the appropriate selection of plants that are to satisfy our aesthetic taste. For this to happen, the species and varieties that make a good neighborhood must be juxtaposed. Garden designs are created with the idea that the garden will serve in perfect condition for years and at the same time do not require too much work every day. There is no place for chance and chaos here. An appropriate garden design must also take into account all the needs of the household members and their financial capabilities.

You can use the help of professional designers, which saves a lot of time and nerves, but you have to take into account the additional expense. The price of a garden design depends on the size of the garden and its location.

If we want to start working in the garden quickly, the best idea will be to use the help of professionals. Likewise, when we do not feel very strong enough to cope with such a task. Design errors can turn out to be quite costly.

Step 1 – recognizing your needs and dividing the garden space into zones

All household members should be involved in this stage. The point is for everyone to express their expectations regarding the appearance of the garden and its functions. After all, this area can have a variety of purposes, and in the event of conflicting opinions, you have to somehow find a golden mean. Most often, gardens are divided into zones such as:

  • relaxation area
  • activity and fun zone
  • representative zone
  • economic and utility zone

Many people primarily appreciate the leisure function of the garden. For them, it will be a place of relaxation, a kind of escape from the noise and hustle and bustle of the city and life in a hurry. Such a green oasis is supposed to calm down, allow full contact with nature and at the same time protect against prying eyes of neighbors and passers-by.

A family with children must take into account the needs of their loved ones and think about creating a place for physical activity for them. The little ones will be pleased with the playground.

Some people above all want to emphasize the representative function of the garden. For them, this place must express prestige.

Step 2 – choosing the right plants

It must be remembered that it is not always possible to implement all plans in this aspect. Plants have specific requirements for soil or sunlight, and not necessarily all of them we like them they will prove themselves in our garden. It is a bit of an art of compromise, but what matters is the end result and the appearance of the garden not only in a year, but also in twenty years.

Step 3 – small architecture

Elements of small architecture should be neatly integrated into the garden space. On the one hand, they will be eye-catching, and on the other hand, they have practical functions. The garden gazebo will not only provide shade, but also create a charming and pleasant place to relax or organize a party.

A body of water will also be fantastic to harmonize with the vegetation. Many people decide to have a pond in the garden, preferably in irregular shapes. Even in a small garden, there is sure to be a place for a small but beautiful fountain, and it is worth placing a bench next to it, or possibly a decorative statue.

A brick grill with a smokehouse will also work in large gardens, where you can prepare delicacies for evening feasts. Wooden pergolas, trellises and trusses overgrown with vegetation look interesting.

Therefore, let’s not be afraid to use the help of a professional in designing a garden space according to our preferences and style. It is a place of our relaxation and rest, so we should feel really comfortable in it.