The traditional wooden fence works especially when we want to shield the property from eyes of neighbors or passers-by. However, wood provides the possibility of constructing not only very tight fences. At the same time it is a very decorative material, which thanks to its color and texture provides various visual effects.
Wooden fence fits stylistically to the garden in the country or Mediterranean style. It also works well in modern arrangements, because it can be shaped in various ways and combined with stone, metal and gabions. The wooden fence consists of rails or boards, of various shapes and types, which are attached to the crossbars vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Depending on how you want to cover the property, we can choose a full or openwork fence. The wooden fence can be made of boards mounted to posts embedded in the ground, vertically placed rails, narrow boards mounted on a wooden frame or ready-made elements.
Many advantages, several disadvantages
The biggest advantage of a wooden fence is its low cost, huge decorative value and versatility. We have an almost unlimited selection of shapes and colors of wood that allows you to build the most fanciful and original forms. The wood is easy to process, so you can make the entire fence yourself and make repairs yourself. Wood preservation is a fairly simple task. Well-protected and regularly preserved wood is relatively durable. In addition, wood can be renewed and changed its color many times.
The disadvantage of fences made of wood is their lower durability and the need for regular maintenance (minimum once every few years). Wood, especially poorly protected, is subject to biological corrosion under the influence of weather conditions. It falls prey to mushrooms and bark beetles, especially after long and wet winters. After a few years of use, it can crack or rot. But well maintained and cared for can last for several dozen years. The disadvantage of wood is also its flammability.
Types of wood
Wood for fence construction must be properly seasoned and protected against moisture, fungi and insects. It’s best if it is factory impregnated. Rails that are close to the soil are particularly vulnerable to moisture. Such fences must be built of the most durable wood. Less durable wood can be used for a fence supported by a foundation. Fence elements are most often built of deciduous or coniferous wood. Harder and more durable exotic wood (giant thuja, merbau, tatajuba or massaranduba) does not require impregnation and can be renewed less often.
However, it is chosen less often because of the high price. Of the national deciduous species, oak is the most durable, and of coniferous species larch. For rails and planks, less hardy but cheaper hardwood (acacia, elm or ash) or coniferous (pine or spruce) are most often chosen. Popular alder or ash wood is also less durable. Birch, linden or sycamore boards should not be used as they deteriorate quickly despite regular maintenance.