Weeds are a challenge for any garden owner. They take away water, light, nutrients and space from plants. Garden weeds, removing them is laborious and sometimes unsuccessful. How to get rid of weeds in the garden. Learn about weed treatments that will reduce their amount in the garden. Weeds in the garden and weeding – a gardener’s guide. Weeding the garden.
Weeds in the garden are the bane of most of us. Are there any effective remedies for garden weeds? How can I get rid of them? Or maybe some weeds should be left in the garden?
Weeds in your garden
Why is the garden so easily taken over by weeds, while the plants we grow often grow poorly and get sick? Because weeds are local plants that are well adapted to the habitat in which they live. The weeds in the garden are expansive – they create strong roots, strong stolons or spread with thousands of seeds. Delicate garden varieties usually do not stand a chance against garden weeds. Weeds are wild plants that are perfectly adapted to the local environment. That is why weeds grow well, although no one sows or cares for them.
Hence the need to systematically remove weeds. For ecological reasons, however, it is better not to use herbicides on garden weeds, because they poison the soil and reduce the biodiversity of the environment. Besides, their use in the garden should be limited as they also affect the cultivated plants.
Limiting the amount of weeds
To reduce the occurrence of weeds on our plot, it is worth starting from the beginning, i.e. reducing the possibility of these undesirable plants. While it is not so easy on the lawn, it is possible in a bed or a corner with shrubs. A good way is to mulch the soil. We can use organic bedding, e.g. bark or wood chips. This will reduce the occurrence of weeds in large numbers and improve the soil conditions of other plants. We also have the option of using synthetic bedding, e.g. foil or agrotextile. It is an effective way to reduce weed infestation with little effort. Synthetic mulches last for many years and do not require regular control, as in the case of organic soil cover. It is also important not to introduce weed seeds into our garden yourself. When we buy gardening soil, always choose one from a good producer, preferably one in bags with a ready substrate. Sowing material for a lawn or a bed should also be free of weed seeds. It is worth choosing closed packaging available in garden stores, then we can be sure that it is a selected, high-quality product.
Manual weed removal
It is best to get rid of the weeds early in the season when they have not yet developed seeds. It is particularly important for annual species, as these easily reproduce by falling seeds. The cheapest and easiest way to get rid of weeds is manual removal. We can choose a hoe, shovel or just our own hands. She weaves fairly quickly with a hoe when she has a properly sharpened blade. However, some weeds, especially perennial ones, do not respond well to this treatment. On the contrary, it stimulates them to reproduce and grow, e.g. by rhizomes. Therefore, when removing them, we also dig out what is underground, but so as not to damage the roots and get rid of the entire lump, not just part of it. To undermine the weed, we can help ourselves with a pointed spatula.
Manual removal is effective if we perform it regularly, even every week, or every two. Otherwise, after some time, we will not deal with a large number of unwanted guests and the return to the original state of the garden will be more difficult.
Chemical weed control
In a situation where other, less invasive methods fail and the number of weeds continues to increase, it is worth considering the use of chemical agents, i.e. herbicides. They are effective and fairly easy to use. They will also not be dangerous if we follow the manufacturer’s instructions on the label. There are several herbicides that can come in handy in fighting weeds. The most commonly used is a selective herbicide, we use it topically. It removes weeds in the place where it was applied without affecting the previously planted plants. Non-selective herbicides are also available, but these destroy anything they encounter on their way, so only use them before setting up a garden.
When it comes to the way herbicides work, we can choose between contact and systemic. The former destroy plants in direct contact with them. The weed looks burned and eventually dies. They are mainly used to remove annual weeds. On the other hand, systemic agents penetrate deep into the plant, also destroying the roots. It causes their growth inhibition, deformation and dieback.
Why should we fight weeds?
Weeds make crops malnourished and dry – as a result, they grow less, produce less flowers and produce less fruit, which is so important when they have spread around the bushes of tomatoes, cucumbers, currants and raspberries. Although orchard plants are less susceptible to weed infestation, foreign species also slow down the growth of young apple or plum trees. On the other hand, when weeds entangle columnar types of conifers, their twigs turn brown under the cover of leaves and gradually “go bald”.
Weeds – an important prevention
When preparing a place for a lawn or a bed, dig it and pull out all the perennial weeds that grow thanks to the rhizomes, such as couch grass or ground elder. This is very important, because leaving at least a fragment of the rhizome in the ground will make the weed grow again. It is worth leaving the excavated area for some time so that other weeds germinate from the seeds remaining in the soil. When that happens, we remove them as early as possible.