Rules for selecting pots for house and garden plants

Currently on the market you will find a very wide range of pots for indoor plants and for the garden. There you can find traditional plastic, unglazed and glazed ceramic, metal, concrete and wooden pots, which are available in various capacities and shapes. When choosing the right decorative pots, you need to know what you will grow in them and what conditions will be the best for the plants. This is important due to the fact that not every pot will work outside, and not every one at home. In addition, remember that each pot must have enough space for the roots of the plants we plant to grow in the future. We assume that the volume of the substrate in the pot or in the box must be twice as large as the root ball of the plant.

Small pots for small plants

Usually, when we buy a new, young plant, it is in a small pot. Tiny leaves and a small root system do not need more than a few dozen grams of good soil. Over time, it is necessary to gradually transplant into a slightly larger pot, then again and again. Plants are not replanted every season (spring) and when they show that they lack space in the container. How do you know it? Depending on the plant – the roots can come out of the ground upwards or through the bottom holes; plastic pots can distort when pushed from the inside; the plant may also produce many small leaves that will die, or the flowers will not stick because they will not be fed.

Large pots for large plants

It can be said that there are two guiding principles from which, of course, there are exceptions. The larger the plant, the larger the pot it should have. The larger the root ball, the larger the container it should be. A large pot ensures stability for the plant growing to the sides. This is a place to dig in supports and ladders so that it can climb. The soil and the minerals it contains are food. Also the place of feeding nutrients and fertilizers. Plants that are several years old, very large and with an extensive root system, will need large containers.

Pots with drainage

An important issue in growing plants in pots is to ensure drainage of water. A moment of inattention is enough for too much liquid to fall from the watering can, which could expose the roots to rotting. Therefore, it is important that the water should drain away. You can use flower pots for the living room with holes and a saucer, but they are not always practical. It is difficult, for example, to move a flower with a stand full of water, and if the plant stands on the floor, the plate can become a drinker for the dog, which may endanger his health, especially when you use fertilizers. Another solution is to put expanded clay or stones on the bottom of the pot to ensure drainage. This is a good way to keep the roots from rotting, but the water at the bottom will remain constant, lose freshness, and be a place for microorganisms and even vermin to grow. Despite everything, we recommend it, but you should also be careful when watering. There are also pots with irrigation systems, which are great for indoor plants. Apart from the fact that they provide the roots with access to water, they also accommodate it in the event of overflow. You can find such products at the manufacturer Lechuza and Aira. You can also grow plants in ordinary plastic containers, and decorative pots can be treated as casings in which any excess water is collected.

For balcony or terrace plants, a good option is to choose a pot with water drainage outside. Such a modification can be selected e.g. for models from the Longerino, Volcano, Asti and other lines. Thanks to the drainage hose, the water does not stand in the pot. This is a very useful function not only when we overflow the plant, but also during heavy or prolonged rains. The soil will dry freely without exposing the plant to rot.


Choosing a pot is especially important if it will be part of a larger display. Then it is necessary not only to select a single pot for a specific plant, but also to match other pots and plants in the entire arrangement of the composition. In this case, it is worth avoiding pots in contrasting colors, as they will distract from our greenery. You can use containers of the same color to get a harmonious group and emphasize the mood of a given place in the room. It is also worth considering whether the containers and plants will look good both in a larger combination, as well as separately. The pot offer is so varied and interesting that sometimes we first notice a wonderful pot, and only then we choose a plant for it. Finding a balance between the elegance of the pot and its usefulness is the key to success.